THE REASON YOU HAVE DIABETES (Understanding Diabetes 1)

 You will soon have diabetes. 
This is probably what you hear each time you consume your cakes, chocolate, Coke, Pepsi or when you eat sugary foods. 
These foods however in most cases do not cause diabetes but should be avoided by a diabetic patient.

Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that occurs when the body is unable to properly regulate blood sugar levels. There are two main types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2.

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune condition in which the immune system attacks and destroys insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. As a result, the body is unable to produce insulin, which is necessary for the body to use glucose for energy.

Your body have two types of hormones that control blood sugar levels; Insulin and glucagon both are produced in the pancreas.

When your blood sugar is too high, for instance after eating a meal, your blood sugar/glucose level increases. The insulin helps to reduce this sugar level by signaling your cells to make use of the available glucose and storing the excess glucose as glycogen, to be released when your body is in need of the sugar such as in fasting state.

Glucagon on the other hand increases the concentration of glucose in the blood. During the fasting state, this hormone causes the release of the stored glucose.

Insulin is produced by the beta cells in the pancreas.
So in Type 1 diabetes, your body mistakenly destroy these cells thereby reducing the amount of insulin that is produced.

Without insulin your body cannot make use of glucose causing your glucose level to rise, a condition termed hyperglycemia.

Because your cells cannot make use of the glucose because there is no insulin, you feel hungry and you continue to eat to generate sugar for your cells leading to one of the cardinal signs of diabetes Polyphagia. This is excessive eating in order to provide your body with sugar needed for energy.


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