Asthma is a respiratory system condition that affects your lungs. It is characterized by difficulty in breathing that triggers coughing, shortness of breath and whistling sound when you breathe. This is due to your airways narrowing and tightening and being blocked by excess mucus.

Asthma ranges from mild to a life threatening condition. Asthma is a chronic or ongoing condition, it cannot be cured but can be managed.


Asthma could be due to genetic or environmental factors, or a combination of both as it is not clear why some people get asthma while others don't. Anyone can develop asthma at any age.

While the direct cause of asthma is unknown, some factors are thought to increase your chances of developing asthma. Factors such as:

Having a parent or sibling with asthma

Smoking and exposure to second hand smoke

Being overweight

Exposure to exhaust fumes or other types of pollution

Asthma could also result due to;

Exercise-induced asthma: This type is triggered by exercise

Occupational asthma: This type of asthma happens primarily to people who work around irritating substances.


Chest tightness

Shortness of breath

Trouble sleeping as a result of shortness of breath

Exhaling accompanied with wheezing, a common sign of asthma in children

Coughing or wheezing

Asthma symptoms can vary from person to person. Some may experience less frequent asthma attacks, others may experience induced symptoms as in  exercise-induced asthma, while some may have symptoms all the time.


There is no proven way to prevent asthma, but a detailed plan to managing asthma can be made with your doctor and health team.
Asthma is an ongoing incurable condition that requires regular monitoring and treatment.


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